The Tri-Council is comprised of the following three federal research agencies, created and funded by the people of Canada: the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). These agencies promote ethical research standards and conduct of research involving humans with TCPS as the benchmark. Indeed when funded by any of the three agencies adherence to TCPS is strictly required.