Faculty & Staff Resources

Faculty of Science and Technology

Featured Resources: Mathematics and Computing

Glanfield, Florence. ''The truth about stories': Yes, I am Aboriginal and I enjoy mathematics.' Transforming the Academy: Indigenous Education, Knowledges and Relations. Malinda S. Smith. Ed. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2013. 75-77.

Kodaseet, Glenda G. and Roli Varma. 'In Pursuit of a Computing Degree: Cultural Implications for American Indians.' Journal of American Indian Education 51, no. 1 (2012): 67-88.

Sanders, David W. 'Mathematics.' In Teaching Indigenous Students: Honoring Place, Community and Culture. Edited by Jon Reyhner. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2015. 70-91.

Sandoval, Cueponcaxohitl Dianna Moreno. 'Critical Ancestral Computing: A Culturally Relevant Computer Science Education.' PsychNology Journal 11, no. 1 (2013): 91-112.

Stavrou, Stavros Georgios and Dianne Miller. 'Miscalculations: Decolonizing and Anti-Oppressive Discourses in Indigenous Mathematics Education.' Canadian Journal of Education 40, no. 3 (2017): 92-122.

Sterenberg, Gladys. 'Learning Indigenous and Western mathematics from place.' Mathematics Education Research Journal 25, no. 1 (March 2013): 91-108.

Featured Resources: Sciences

Aikenhead, Glen S. and Herman Michell. Bridging Culture: Indigenous and Scientific Ways of Knowing. Don Mills, ON: Pearson, 2011.

Bartlett, Cheryl, Murdena Marshall and Albert Marshall. 'Two-Eyed Seeing and other lessons learned within a co-learning journey of bringing together indigenous and mainstream knowledges and ways of knowing.' Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 2, no. 4 (November 2012): 331-340.

Battiste, Marie. 'Decolonizing Science.' In Decolonizing Education: Nourishing the Learning Spirit. Saskatoon: Purich Publishing, 2013. 117-124.

Bechtel, R. 'Oral Narratives: reconceptualising the turbulence between Indigenous perspectives and Eurocentric and scientific views.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 11, no. 2 (June 2016): 447-469.

Cajete, Gregory. Native Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence. Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light Publishers, 2000.

Hatcher, Annamarie, et. al. 'Two-Eyed Seeing in the Classroom Environment: Concepts, Approaches, and Challenges.' Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education 9, no. 3 (Sept. 2009): 141-153.

Kawagley, Angayuqaq Oscar, A Yupiaq Worldview: A Pathway to Ecology and Spirit. 2nd Edition. Long Grove, Illinois: Waveland Press, Inc., 2006.

Snively, Gloria and Wanosts'a7 Lorna Williams. Eds. Knowing Home: Braiding Indigenous Science with Western Science, Book 1. Victoria: University of Victoria, 2016.

Sutherland, Dawn and Natalie Swayze. 'The importance of place in indigenous science education.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 7, no. 1 (March 2012): 83-92.


Mathematics and Computing

Anohah, Ebenezer and Jarkko Suhonen. 'Constructivist research framework for integrating indigenous knowledge into computing education.' International Journal of Learning Technology 11, no. 4 (2016): 323.

Babbitt, William Edgar. 'Ethnocomputing: the Design and Assessment of Culture-Based Learning Software for Math and Computing Education.' PhD Dissertation. New York: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 2014.

Bredin, Marian. 'Bridging Canada's Digital Divide: First Nations' Access to New Information Technologies.' The Canadian Journal of Native Studies 21, no. 2 (2001): 191-215.

Carpenter, Penny, Kerri Gibson, Crystal Kakekaspan and Susan O'Donnell. 'How Women in Remote and Rural First Nation Communities are Using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).' Journal of Rural and Community Development 8, no. 2 (2014).

The Centre for e-Democracy. First Nations Digital Democracy: The Impact of Digital Technology on First Nations Participation and Governance. Hamilton: McMaster University.

Corbett, Jon M. R. 'Indigenizing computer programming for cultural maintenance.' Programming'18 Companion: Conference Companion of the 2nd International Conference on Art, Science, and Engineering of Programming. April 2018.

Dyson, Laurel Evelyn, Max A.N. Hendriks and Stephen Grant. Eds. Information Technology and Indigenous People. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing, 2007.

Dyson, Laurel Evelyn, Stephen Grant and Max A.N. Hendriks. Eds. Indigenous People and Mobile Technologies. New York: Routledge Publishing, 2016.

First Nations Technology Council.

indigenize.tech. A Treaty Project by Naheyawin.

Indigenous Science Technology Society. Faculty of Native Studies, University of Alberta.

Kodaseet, Glenda G. and Roli Varma. 'In Pursuit of a Computing Degree: Cultural Implications for American Indians.' Journal of American Indian Education 51, no. 1 (2012): 67-88.

Kutay, Cat and Janet Mooney. 'Linking Learning to Community for Indigenous Computing Courses.' The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education 37 (2008): 90-95.

Landzelius, Kyra. Native on the Net: Indigenous and Diasporic Peoples in the Virtual Age. London: Routledge Publishing, 2006.

Ogden, Jessica, Susan Halford, Les Carr and Graeme Earl. 'This is For Everyone? Steps towards decolonizing the Web.' ACM Web Science Conference, 2015.

Ormond-Parker, Lyndon, Aaron Corn, Cressida Fforde, Kazuko Obata and Sandy O'Sullivan. Information Technology and Indigenous Communities. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, 2013.

Philip, Kavita, Lilly Irani and Paul Dourish. 'Postcolonial Computing: A Tactical Survey.' Science, Technology, & Human Values 37, no. 1 (January 2012): 3-29.

Sandoval, Cueponcaxohitl Dianna Moreno. 'Critical Ancestral Computing: A Culturally Relevant Computer Science Education.' PsychNology Journal 11, no. 1 (2013): 91-112.

Searle, Kristin A. 'Culturally responsive computing for American Indian youth: Making activities with electronic textiles in the Native Studies classroom.' PhD Dissertation. University of Pennsylvania. 2016.

Varma, Roli. 'Attracting Native Americans to Computing.' Communications of the ACM 52, no. 8 (August 2009): 137-140.

Abrams, Eleanor, Peter Charles Taylor and Chorng-Jee Guo. 'Editorial: Contextualizing Culturally Relevant Science and Mathematics Teaching for Indigenous Learning.' International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education 11 (2013): 1-21.

Doolittle, Edward and Florence Glanfield. 'Balancing Equations and Culture: Indigenous Educators Reflect on Mathematics Education.' For the Learning of Mathematics 27, no. 3 (Nov. 2007): 27-30.

Ferreira, Mariana K. Leal. Mapping Time, Space and the Body: Indigenous Knowledge and Mathematical Thinking in Brazil. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2015.

Gale, Russell L. 'The marginalization of Indigenous students within school mathematics and the math wars: seeking resolutions within ethical spaces.' Mathematics Education Research Journal 25, no. 1 (March 2013): 109-127.

Glanfield, Florence. ''The truth about stories': Yes, I am Aboriginal and I enjoy mathematics.' Transforming the Academy: Indigenous Education, Knowledges and Relations. Malinda S. Smith. Ed. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2013. 75-77.

Greer, Brian. Culturally Responsive Mathematics Education. New York: Routledge, 2009.

Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth, Jeffrey Choppin, David Wagner and David Pimm. Eds. Equity in Discourse for Mathematics Education: Theories, Practices, and Policies. New York: Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.

Hogue, Michelle M. 'Aboriginal Ways of Knowing and Learning, 21st Century Learners, and STEM Success.' in education: exploring our connective educational landscape 22, no. 1 (2016).

Hughes, Amber and Ron Laura. 'The Contribution of Aboriginal Epistemologies to Mathematics Education in Australia: Exploring the Silences.' Educational Philosophy and Theory 50, no. 4 (2018): 338-348.

Kagle, M.S. 'Math in a Cultural Context: A Third Space Between School and Indigenous Culture.' PhD. Dissertation. Harvard University. 2007.

Lipka, Jerry, et. al. 'The Relevance of Culturally Based Curriculum and Instruction: The Case of Nancy Sharp.' Journal of American Indian Education 44, no. 3 (2005): 31-54.

Lunney Borden, Lisa. 'What's the word for…? Is there a word for…? How understanding Mi'kmaw language can help support Mi'kmaw learners in mathematics.' Mathematics Education Research Journal 25, no. 1 (2013): 5-22.

Lunney Borden, Lisa and Dawn Wiseman. 'Considerations From Places Where Indigenous and Western Ways of Knowing, Being, and Doing Circulate Together: STEM as Artifact of Teaching and Learning.' Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education 16, no. 2 (2016): 140-152.

Mason, Ralph T. 'A Kinder Mathematics for Nunavut.' In Curriculum as Cultural Practice: Postcolonial Imaginations. Edited by Yatta Kanu. Toronto: UofT Press, 2006. 130-148.

Meaney, Tamsin, Tony Trinick and Uenuku Fairhall. Collaborating to Meet Language Challenges in Indigenous Mathematics Classrooms. New York: Springer Science and Business Media, 2012.

Nicol, Cynthia, Jo-Ann Archibald and Jeff Baker. 'Designing a model of culturally responsive mathematics education: place, relationships and storywork.' Mathematics Education Research Journal 25, no. 1 (2013): 73-89.

Parker, Frieda, Tonya Gau Bartell and Jodie D. Novak. 'Developing Culturally Responsive Mathematics Teachers: Secondary Teachers' Evolving Conceptions of Knowing Students.' Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education 20, no. 4 (2017): 385-407.

Sanders, David W. 'Mathematics.' In Teaching Indigenous Students: Honoring Place, Community and Culture. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2015. 70-91.

Secada, W.G. Ed. Changing the Faces of Mathematics: Perspectives on Indigenous People of North America. Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2002.

Simmons, Anjuan. 'Technology Colonialism.' Model View Culture, no. 27. 18 September, 2015.

Spang, Marissa and Megan Bang. 'Practice Brief 10: Teaching STEM in Ways that Respect and Build Upon Indigenous Peoples' Rights.' Teaching Tools for Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) Education. Seattle: UW Institute for Science + Math Education, March 2015.

Stavrou, Stavros Georgios and Dianne Miller. 'Miscalculations: Decolonizing and Anti-Oppressive Discourses in Indigenous Mathematics Education.' Canadian Journal of Education 40, no. 3 (2017): 92-122.

Sterenberg, Gladys. 'Considering Indigenous Knowledges and Mathematics Curriculum.' Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education 13, no. 1 (2013): 18-32.

Sterenberg, Gladys. 'Learning Indigenous and Western mathematics from place.' Mathematics Education Research Journal 25, no. 1 (March 2013): 91-108.

Sterenberg, Gladys and Michelle Hogue. 'Reconsidering Approaches to Aboriginal Science and Mathematics Education.' Alberta Journal of Educational Research 57, no. 1 (2011): 1-15.

Sterenberg, Gladys and Theresa McDonnell. 'Learning Indigenous, Western, and Personal Mathematics from Place.' Canadian Council on Learning. March 2010.

Treacy, Kaye, Sandra Frid and Lorraine Jacob. 'Starting points and pathways in Aboriginal Students' Learning of Number: Recognising Different World Views.' Mathematics Education Research Journal 27, no. 3 (2015): 263-281.

University of Toronto Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. 'Mathematics.' Deepening Knowledge: Resources for and about Aboriginal Education. University of Toronto.

Yao, Ru Fen. 'Creating Learning Environments for Indigenous Students through Culture-Based Math Modules.' Universal Journal of Educational Research 4, no. 8 (2016): 1809-1814.

Sciences

Aikenhead, Glen S. 'Cross-cultural science teaching: Rekindling traditions for aboriginal students.' In Curriculum as Cultural Practice: Postcolonial Imaginations. Edited by Yatta Kanu. Toronto: UofT Press, 2006. 223-248.

Aikenhead, Glen S. 'Integrating Western and Aboriginal Sciences: Cross-Cultural Science Teaching.' Research in Science Education 31, no. 3 (September 2001): 337-355.

Aikenhead, Glen S. 'Towards Decolonizing the Pan-Canadian Science Framework.' Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education 6, no. 4 (2006): 387-399.

Aikenhead, Glen S. and Dean Elliott. 'An Emerging Decolonizing Science Education in Canada.' Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education 10, no. 4 (2010): 321-338.

Aikenhead, Glen S. and Herman Michell. Bridging Culture: Indigenous and Scientific Ways of Knowing. Don Mills, ON: Pearson, 2011.

Aikenhead, Glen S. and Masakata Ogawa. 'Indigenous Knowledge and Science Revisited.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 2, no. 3 (July 2007): 539-620.

Barnhardt, Ray and Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley. 'Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Alaska Native Ways of Knowing.' Anthropology and Education Quarterly 36, no. 1 (2005): 8-23.

Bartlett, Cheryl, Murdena Marshall and Albert Marshall. 'Two-Eyed Seeing and other lessons learned within a co-learning journey of bringing together indigenous and mainstream knowledges and ways of knowing.' Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 2, no. 4 (November 2012): 331-340.

Battiste, Marie. 'Decolonizing Science.' In Decolonizing Education: Nourishing the Learning Spirit. Saskatoon: Purich Publishing, 2013. 117-124.

Baynes, Renee. 'Teachers' Attitudes to Including Indigenous Knowledges in the Australian Science Curriculum.' The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education 45, no. 1 (August 2016): 80-90.

Bechtel, R. 'Oral Narratives: reconceptualising the turbulence between Indigenous perspectives and Eurocentric and scientific views.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 11, no. 2 (June 2016): 447-469.

Belczewski, Andrea. 'Decolonizing Science Education and the Science Teacher: A White Teacher's Perspective.' Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education 9, no. 3 (2009): 191-202.

Bitsói, LeManuel Lee and Shelly C. Lowe. 'Journey into the Sciences: Successful Native American STEM Programs.' In Beyond Access: Indigenizing Programs for Native American Student Success. Edited by Stephanie J. Waterman, Shelly C. Lowe, Heather J. Shotton and George S. McLellan. Sterling, VA: Stylus: 2018.

Black Elk, Linda. 'Native Science: Understanding and Respecting Other Ways of Thinking.' Rangelands 38, no. 1 (Feb. 2016): 3-4.

Boisselle, Laila N. 'Decolonizing Science and Science Education in a Postcolonial Space (Trinidad, a Developing Caribbean Nation, Illustrates).' SAGE Open (Jan-Mar. 2016): 1-11.

Cajete, Gregory. Igniting the Sparkle: An Indigenous Science Education Model. Skyland, NC: Kívakí Press, 1999.

Cajete, Gregory. Native Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence. Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light Publishers, 2000.

Cajete, Gregory. 'Seven Orientations for the Development of Indigenous Science Education.' In Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies. Edited by Norman K. Denzin, Yvonna S. Lincoln and Linda Tuhiwai Smith. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2008. 487-496.

Cajete, Gregory. 'Western Science and the Loss of Natural Creativity.' In In Unlearning the Language of Conquest: Scholars Expose Anti-Indianism in America. Edited by Wahinkpe Topa (Four Arrows). Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006. 247-259.

Deb Roy, Rohan. 'Decolonise science - time to end another imperial era.' The Conversation. 5 April, 2018.

Gilbert, Willard Sakiestewa. 'Indigenous Knowledge and Science.' In Teaching Indigenous Students: Honoring Place, Community and Culture. Edited by Jon Reyhner. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2015. 92-102.

Hatcher, Annamarie, et. al. 'Two-Eyed Seeing: A Cross-cultural Science Journey.' Green Teacher, no. 86 (Fall 2009): 3-6.

Hatcher, Annamarie, et. al. 'Two-Eyed Seeing in the Classroom Environment: Concepts, Approaches, and Challenges.' Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education 9, no. 3 (Sept. 2009): 141-153.

Higgins, Marc. 'Finding Points of Resonance: Nunavut Students' Perspectives on Science.' in education 17, no. 3 (2011).

Hogue, Michelle M. 'Aboriginal Ways of Knowing and Learning, 21st Century Learners, and STEM Success.' in education: exploring our connective educational landscape 22, no. 1 (2016).

Hovey, Richard B., et. al. 'Enhancing Indigenous Health Promotion Research through Two-Eyed Seeing: A Hermeneutic Relational Process.' Qualitative Health Research 27, no. 9 (July 2017): 1278-1287.

Howard, Melinda A. 'Roles of Community and Land in STEM Education for Native American Youth.' PhD Dissertation. University of Idaho, 2017.

Huei, Lee, Chiun-Fen Yen and Glen S. Aikenhead. 'Indigenous Elementary Students' Science Instruction in Taiwan: Indigenous Knowledge and Western Science.' Research in Science Education 42, no. 6 (December 2012): 1183-1199.

Indigenous Science Technology Society. Faculty of Native Studies, University of Alberta.

Iwama, Marilyn, et. al. 'Two-Eyed Seeing and the Language of Healing in Community-Based Research.' Canadian Journal of Native Education 32, no. 2 (2009): 3-23.

James, Keith. Science and Native American Communities: Legacies of Pain, Visions of Promise. Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 2001.

Kawagley, Angayuqaq Oscar, Delena Norris-Tull and Roger Norris-Tull. 'The Indigenous Worldview of Yupiaq Culture: Its Scientific Nature and Relevance to the Practice and Teaching of Science.' Journal of Research in Science Teaching 35, no. 2 (1998): 133-144.

Kidman, Joanna, Eleanor Abrams and Hiria McRae. 'Imaginary subjects: school science, indigenous students, and knowledge-power relations.' British Journal of Sociology of Education 32, no. 2 (March 2011): 203-220.

Kim, Mijung. 'Indigenous knowledge in Canadian science curricula: cases from Western Canada.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 12, no. 3 (Sept. 2017): 605-613.

Kulig, Judith C., et. al. 'Aboriginal science symposium: enabling Aboriginal student success in post-secondary institutions.' Rural and remote health 10, no. 1 (January 2010).

Lunney Borden, Lisa and Dawn Wiseman. 'Considerations From Places Where Indigenous and Western Ways of Knowing, Being, and Doing Circulate Together: STEM as Artifact of Teaching and Learning.' Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education 16, no. 2 (2016): 140-152.

MacIvor, Madeleine. 'Redefining Science Education for Aboriginal Students.' In First Nations Education in Canada: The Circle Unfolds. Edited by Marie Battiste and Jean Barman. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1995. 73-98.

Marin, Ananda and Megan Bang. 'Designing Pedagogies for Indigenous Science Education: Finding our Way to Storywork.' Journal of American Indian Education 54, no. 2 (July 2015): 29-51.

Martin, Debbie. 'Two-Eyed Seeing: A Framework for Understanding Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Approaches to Indigenous Health Research.' Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 44, no. 2 (June 2012): 20-42.

McGinty, Megan and Megan Bang. 'Narratives of dynamic lands: science education, indigenous knowledge and possible futures.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 11, no. 2 (June 2016): 471-475.

Medin, Douglas L. and Megan Bang. Who's asking? Native science, western science, and science education. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2014.

Metallic, Janine and Gale Seiler. 'Animating Indigenous Knowledges in Science Education.' Canadian Journal of Native Education 32, no. 1 (2009): 115-128.

Michell, Herman. Cree Ways of Knowing and School Science. Vernon, BC: J Charlton Publishing Ltd., 2013.

Michell, Herman, Yvonne Vizina, Camie Augustus and Jason Sawyer. Learning Indigenous Science from Place: Research Study Examining Indigenous-Based Science Perspectives in Saskatchewan First Nations and Métis Community Contexts. Saskatoon: Aboriginal Education Research Centre at the University of Saskatchewan, 2008.

Nicholas, George. 'How Western science is finally catching up to Indigenous knowledge.' Maclean's. 15 February, 2018.

Ogawa, Masakata. 'Science Education in a Multiscience Perspective.' Science Education 79, no. 5 (1995): 583-593.

Regmi, Jagadish and Michelle Fleming. 'Indigenous Knowledge and Science in a Globalized Age.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 7, no. 2 (2012): 479-484.

Snively, Gloria. 'The Aboriginal Knowledge and Science Education Research Project.' Canadian Journal of Native Education 29, no. 2 (2006): 229-244.

Snively, Gloria and John Corsiglia. 'Discovering Indigenous Science: Implications for Science Education.' Science Education 85, no. 1 (Jannuary 2001): 6-34.

Snively, Gloria and Wanosts'a7 Lorna Williams. Eds. Knowing Home: Braiding Indigenous Science with Western Science, Book 1. Victoria: University of Victoria, 2016.

Snively, Gloria and Wanosts'a7 Lorna Williams. 'Coming to Know: Weaving Aboriginal and Western Science Knowledge, Language, and Literacy into the Science Classroom.' L1 - Educational Studies in Language and Literature 8, no. 1 (2008): 109-130.

Spang, Marissa and Megan Bang. 'Practice Brief 10: Teaching STEM in Ways that Respect and Build Upon Indigenous Peoples' Rights.' Teaching Tools for Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) Education. Seattle: UW Institute for Science + Math Education, March 2015.

Sutherland, Dawn and Natalie Swayze. 'The importance of place in indigenous science education.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 7, no. 1 (March 2012): 83-92.

Sterenberg, Gladys and Michelle Hogue. 'Reconsidering Approaches to Aboriginal Science and Mathematics Education.' Alberta Journal of Education Research 57, no. 1 (Spring 2011): 1-15.

Taylor, Peter Charles. 'Counter-Storying the Grand Narrative of Science (Teacher) Education: Towards Culturally Responsive Teaching.' Cultural Studies of Science Education 6, no. 4 (2011): 795-801.

Whitt, Laurelyn. Science, Colonialism, and Indigenous Peoples: The Cultural Politics of Law and Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Wiseman, Dawn, Tracy Onuczko and Florence Glanfield. 'Resilience and Hope in the Garden: Intercropping Aboriginal and Western Ways of Knowing to Inquire into Science Teacher Education.' In Framing Peace: Thinking about and Enacting Curriculum as 'Radical Hope.' Edited by Hans Smits and Rahat Naqvi. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 2015. 237-252.

Worldwide Indigenous Science Network.

Banks, Kirsten. 'Aboriginal astronomy can teach us about the link between sky and land.' The Guardian. 21 May, 2018.

Hamacher, Duane. 'Stories from the Sky: Astronomy in indigenous knowledge.' The Australian Humanist, no. 117 (Autumn 2015): 10-11.

Lee, Annette. 'Ojibwe Giizhiig Anung Masinaaigan and D(L)akotaċe Wiċaŋḣpi Wowapi: Revitalization of Native American Star Knowledge, A Community Effort.' Journal of Astronomy in Culture 1, no. 1 (2016): 41-56.

Ruddell, Nicholas, Lena Danaia and David McKinnon. 'Indigenous Sky Stories: Reframing How We Introduce Primary School Students to Astronomy - A Type II Case Study of Implementation.' Australian Journal of Indigenous Education 45, no. 2 (2016): 170-180.

Tingay, Steven. 'Indigenous culture and astrophysics: a path to reconciliation.' The Conversation. 6 July, 2015.

Rioux, Joël, Bronwyn Ewing and Tom J. Cooper. 'Embedding Aboriginal Perspectives and Knowledge in the Biology Curriculum: The Little Porky.' The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education (2017): 1-3.

American Chemical Society (ACS) Committee on Professional Training and ACS Committee on Minority Affairs. Final Report: Workshop on Increasing Participation of Native American Undergraduate Students in Chemistry. Washington, D.C.: ACS, 2008.

Ramel-Galima, Loreta Vivian, Daisy Valdez Rivera and Elizabeth Garcia Almanza. 'Cultural Sensitivity in Science Teaching: Using Indigenous, Local, and Available Materials in Teaching Chemistry.' International Journal of Science in Society 4 (2013): 79-89.

Scholes, Colin A. 'Increasing Indigenous presence in chemistry.' chemistry in Australia. May 2016.

Apple, Jude, Judy Lemus and Steven Semken. 'Teaching Geoscience in the Context of Culture and Place.' Journal of Geoscience Education 62, no. 1 (February 2014): 1-4.

Chanza, Nelson and Anton de Wit. 'Epistemological and methodological framework for indigenous knowledge in climate science.' Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, no. 2 (Dec. 2013): 203-216.

Gibson, Barbara and Noelani Puniwai. 'Developing an Archetype for Integrating Native Hawaiian Traditional Knowledge with Earth System Science Education. Journal of Geoscience Education 54, no. 3 (May 2006): 287-294.

Hatcher, Annamarie. 'Building Bridges with Aboriginal Learners and Their 'Classmates' for Transformative Environmental Education.' Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 2, no. 4 (2012): 346-356.

Johnson, Jay T. 'Place-based learning and knowing: critical pedagogies grounded in Indigeneity.' GeoJournal 77, no. 6 (2012): 829-836.

Kawagley, Angayuqaq Oscar, A Yupiaq Worldview: A Pathway to Ecology and Spirit. 2nd Edition. Long Grove, Illinois: Waveland Press, Inc., 2006.

Kimmerer, Robin Wall. Braiding Sweetgrass: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge and the Teaching of Plants. Minneapolis: Milkweed Editions, 2013.

Kimmerer, Robin Wall. 'Searching for synergy: integrating traditional and scientific ecological knowledge in environmental science education.' Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 2, no. 4 (Nov. 2012): 317-323.

McKeon, Margaret. 'Two-Eyed Seeing into Environmental Education: Revealing its 'Natural' Readiness to Indigenize.' Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 17 (2012): 131-147.

Raygorodetsky, Gleb. 'Braiding Science Together with Indigenous Knowledge.' Scientific American. 21 December, 2017.

Rich, Nancy. 'Introduction: why link Indigenous ways of knowing with the teaching of environmental studies and sciences?' Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 2, no. 4 (Nov. 2012): 308-316.

Rich, Nancy. 'Restoring Relationships: Indigenous Ways of Knowing Meet Undergraduate Environmental Studies and Science.' PhD Dissertation. Antioch University, 2011.

Riggs, Eric M. 'Field-Based Education and Indigenous Knowledge: Essential Components of Geoscience Education for Native American Communities.' Science Education 89, no. 2 (2005): 296-313.

Riggs, Eric M., Eleanora Robbins and Rebekka Darner. 'Sharing the Land: Attracting Native American Students to the Geosciences.' NAGT Journal of Geoscience Education 55, no. 6 (December 2007): 478-485.

Semken, Steven. 'Sense of Place and Place-Based Introductory Geoscience Teaching for American Indian and Alaska Native Undergraduates.' Journal of Geoscience Education 53, no. 2 (Mar. 2005): 149-157.

Semken, Steven, et. al. 'Place-Based Education in Geoscience: Theory, Research, Practice and Assessment.' Journal of Geoscience Education 65, no. 4 (Nov. 2017): 542-562.

Simmons, Ellen. Ed. Indigenous Earth: Praxis and Transformation. Penticton, BC: Theytus Publishers, 2012.

Sutherland, Dawn and Natalie Swayze. 'Including Indigenous Knowledges and Pedagogies in Science-Based Environmental Education Programs.' Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 17 (2012): 80-96.

Verma, Priya, et. al. 'Integrating Indigenous Knowledge and Western Science into Forestry, Natural Resources, and Environmental Programs.' Journal of Forestry 11, no. 6 (Nov. 2016): 648-655.

Whyte, Kyle Powys, Joseph P. Brewer II and Jay T. Johnson. 'Weaving Indigenous science, protocols and sustainability science.' Sustainability Science 11, no. 1 (January 2016): 25-32.

Carter, Jennifer and David Hollinsworth. 'Teaching Indigenous geography in a neo-colonial world.' Journal of Geography in Higher Education 41, no. 2 (2017): 182-197.

de Leeuw, Sarah and Sarah Hunt. 'Unsettling decolonizing geographies.' Geography Compass (2018): e12376.

Eades, Gwylim Lucas. Maps and Memes: Redrawing Culture, Place and Identity in Indigenous Communities. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2015.

Herman, RDK. 'Reflections on the Importance of Indigenous Geography.' American Indian Culture and Research Journal 31, no. 3 (2008): 73-88.

Hirt, Irè;ne. 'Mapping Dreams/Dreaming Maps: Bridging Indigenous and Western Geographical Knowledge.' Cartographica 47, no. 2 (2012): 105-120.

Hunt, Dallas and Shaun A. Stevenson. 'Decolonizing geographies of power: indigenous digital counter-mapping practices on Turtle Island.' Settler Colonial Studies 7, no. 3 (2017): 372-392.

Louis, Renee Pualani. 'Can You Hear us Now? Voices from the Margin: Using Indigenous Methodologies in Geographic Research.' Geographical Research 45, no. 2 (June 2007): 130-139.

Sundberg, Juanita. 'Decolonizing posthumanist geographies.' Cultural Geographies 21, no. 1 (January 2014): 33-47.

Wainwright, Joel and Joe Bryan. 'Cartography, Territory, Property: Postcolonial Reflections on Indigenous Counter-mapping in Nicaragua and Belize.' Cultural Geographies 16, no. 2 (2009): 153-178.

Willow, Anna J. 'Doing Sovereignty in Native North America: Anishinaabe Counter-Mapping and the Struggle for Land-Based Self-Determination.' Human Ecology 41, no. 6 (2013): 871-884.

Apple, Jude, Judy Lemus and Steven Semken. 'Teaching Geoscience in the Context of Culture and Place.' Journal of Geoscience Education 62, no. 1 (February 2014): 1-4.

Keeling, Arn and John Sandlos, eds. Mining and Communities in Northern Canada: History, Politics, and Memory. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2015.

Natural Resources Canada. 'Indigenous Participation in Mining Information Products.' Government of Canada. Last modified March 2018.

Palmer, Mark H., et. al. 'Xoa:dau to Maunkaui: Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into an Undergraduate Earth Systems Science Course.' Journal of Geoscience Education 57, no. 2 (March 2009): 137-144.

Reano, Darryl and Kenneth D. Ridgway. 'Connecting geology and Native American culture on the reservation of Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico, USA.' GSA Today 25, no. 8 (August 2015): 26-28.

Riggs, Eric M. 'Field-Based Education and Indigenous Knowledge: Essential Components of Geoscience Education for Native American Communities.' Science Education 89, no. 2 (2005): 296-313.

Riggs, Eric M., Eleanora Robbins and Rebekka Darner. 'Sharing the Land: Attracting Native American Students to the Geosciences.' NAGT Journal of Geoscience Education 55, no. 6 (December 2007): 478-485.

Semken, Steven. 'Sense of Place and Place-Based Introductory Geoscience Teaching for American Indian and Alaska Native Undergraduates.' Journal of Geoscience Education 53, no. 2 (Mar. 2005): 149-157.

Semken, Steven, et. al. 'Place-Based Education in Geoscience: Theory, Research, Practice and Assessment.' Journal of Geoscience Education 65, no. 4 (Nov. 2017): 542-562.

Verma, Priya, et. al. 'Integrating Indigenous Knowledge and Western Science into Forestry, Natural Resources, and Environmental Programs.' Journal of Forestry 11, no. 6 (Nov. 2016): 648-655.

Arambula Solomon, Teshia G. Ed. Conducting Health Research with Native American Communities. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2014.

Bullen, Jonathan, Lynne Roberts and Julie Hoffman. 'What Predicts Health Students' Self-Reported Preparedness to Work in Indigenous Health Settings?' Australian Educational Researcher 44, no. 1 (2017): 71-87.

Canadian Institutes of Health Research. 'CIHR Guidelines for Health Research Involving Aboriginal People (2007-2010).' Government of Canada. Last Modified June 2013.

Chaudhuri, Buddhadeb. 'Science in society: challenges and opportunities for indigenous knowledge in the present-day context.' Global Bioethics 26, no. 2 (2015): 78-85.

Durey, Angela, Ivan Lin and Des Thompson, ''It's a different world out there': Improving how academics prepare health science students for rural and Indigenous practice in Australia.' Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, 2013.

Durey, Angela, et. al. ''Working Together': An Intercultural Academic Leadership Programme to Build Health Science Educators' Capacity to Teach Indigenous Health and Culture.' Australian Journal of Indigenous Education 46, no. 1 (2017): 12-22.

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