Curriculum & Courses

Bachelor of Science - Biology

Biology is the study of life and living organisms. A Biology Major allows students the flexibility to take a number of courses across various fields of biology including genetics, cell biology, microbiology, molecular biology, ecology, evolution, anatomy and physiology. These courses provide a solid foundation to understand living organisms, their composition, life cycles, adaptations and environments. In the Biology Major, students will combine their theoretical knowledge with the development of practical skills through various experiential learning opportunities. Students also have the ability to specialize by completing a set of courses leading to concentrations in Cellular and Molecular Biology, Anatomy and Physiology, or Ecology and Evolution. 


Required core courses

Students must complete the following core courses:

  • BIOL 1202 - Introduction to Cell Biology
  • BIOL 1204 - The Evolution of Eukaryotes
  • BIOL 2101 - Genetics
  • BIOL 2105 - Microbiology I
  • BIOL 2110 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy and Physiology
  • BIOL 2202 - Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • BIOL 2213 - Principles of Ecology and Evolution
  • BIOL 3401 - Big Questions and Big Data in Biology
  • BCEM 2201 - General Biochemistry
  • CHEM 1201 - General Chemistry - Structure and Bonding
  • CHEM 1202 - General Chemistry - Introduction to Quantitative Chemistry
  • CHEM 2101 - Organic Chemistry I
  • MATH 1200 - Calculus for Scientists I
  • MATH 2233 - Statistics for Biological Sciences
  • PHYS 1201 - Classical Physics I
  • PHYS 1202 - Classical Physics II


One of

  • GEOG 2445 - Environmental Problems and Resource Management
  • INST 3740 - Indigenous Research Ethics and Protocols
  • PHIL 2223 - Bio Ethics
  • PHIL 2229 - Business Ethics
  • PHIL 2291 - Philosophy and the Environment


One of

  • BIOL 5203 - Cellular and Molecular Biology Capstone
  • BIOL 5208 - Anatomy and Physiology Capstone
  • BIOL 5301 - Evolution and Ecology Capstone

 

Biology Approved Options

Students can take 8 courses from the following list of Biology Approved Options to create their own pathway through a biology major based on their interests and future aspirations. 

  • BIOL 2203 - Human Anatomy
  • BIOL 2214 - Invertebrate Zoology
  • BIOL 3101 - Molecular Genetics
  • BIOL 3102 - Cell Dynamics and Signalling
  • BIOL 3105 - Microbiology II
  • BIOL 3106 - Evolutionary Biology
  • BIOL 3108 - Conservation Biology
  • BIOL 3203 - Genomes
  • BIOL 3204 - Histology
  • BIOL 3205 - Human Physiology II
  • BIOL 3299 - Directed Readings
  • BIOL 3301 - Animal Behaviour
  • BIOL 4101 - Advanced Cellular and Molecular Biology I
  • BIOL 4102 - Pathophysiology: Mechanisms of Disease
  • BIOL 4202 - Advanced Cellular and Molecular Biology II
  • BIOL 4207 - Womb-to-Tomb: Embryology, Development and Aging
  • BIOL 4209 - Neuroscience
  • BIOL 4211 - Applied Human Physiology
  • BIOL 4299 - Directed Readings
  • BIOL 4310 - Molecular Ecology
  • BIOL 4401 - Population and Conservation Genetics
  • BIOL 4xxx - Field Biology
  • BIOL 5201 - Independent Projects I
  • BIOL 5202 - Independent Projects II
  • BCEM 3201 - Protein Biochemistry
  • BCEM 3202 - Enzymes and Metabolic Systems
  • COMP 2001 - Computer-Based Problem Solving for the Sciences
  • GEOG 2553 - Geographic Information Systems
  • GEOG 3553 - Spatial Analysis and GIS

Note

Please note the following restrictions when selecting courses to satisfy the Biology Approved Options requirement:
  • Maximum of two courses at the 2000-level;
  • Maximum of two non-BIOL-prefixed courses;
  • Minimum of two courses at the 4000-level or higher.


Electives

  • Four elective courses


General Education Requirements

Ten courses must be completed to meet the General Education requirements to graduate with a Bachelor of Science - Biology.

  1. Four courses will be taken at the foundational level: one from each of the thematic clusters.
  2. Three courses will be taken at the second tier: BSc students will make their Tier 2 selections from clusters other than Numeracy and Scientific Literacy.
  3. Three courses must be taken at the third tier, selected from at least two of the thematic clusters.

Students are encouraged to meet with an advisor before registering for a course.


Concentration in Anatomy and Physiology

A concentration in Anatomy and Physiology provides students with a solid understanding of human physiology, anatomy, and cellular processes. Students that want to complete a concentration in Anatomy and Physiology need to complete six courses from the following list, and two other Biology Approved Options from the list above.

  • BIOL 2203 - Human Anatomy
  • BIOL 3104 - Human Physiology I
  • BIOL 3105 - Microbiology II
  • BIOL 3204 - Histology
  • BIOL 3205 - Human Physiology II
  • BIOL 4102 - Pathophysiology: Mechanisms of Disease
  • BIOL 4207 - Womb-to-Tomb: Embryology, Development and Aging
  • BIOL 4209 - Neuroscience
  • BIOL 4211 - Applied Human Physiology
  • Two Biology Approved Options


Concentration in Cellular and Molecular Biology

The Cellular and Molecular Biology concentration provide students with knowledge and skills directly related to the study of biological systems from biomolecular, cellular, and systemic perspectives. Students will complete seven required courses and one Biology Approved Option to satisfy the requirements for this concentration.

  • BCEM 3201 - Protein Biochemistry
  • BIOL 3101 - Molecular Genetics
  • BIOL 3102 - Cell Dynamics and Signalling
  • BIOL 3105 - Microbiology II
  • BIOL 3203 - Genomes
  • BIOL 4101 - Advanced Cellular and Molecular Biology I
  • BIOL 4202 - Advanced Cellular and Molecular Biology II
  • One Biology Approved Option


Concentration in Ecology and Evolution

An Ecology and Evolution Concentration explores biodiversity, interactions of organisms with their environment, adaptations, and evolutionary processes. Students completing this concentration need to take eight courses from the following:

  • BIOL 3106 - Evolutionary Biology
  • BIOL 3108 - Conservation Biology
  • BIOL 3301 - Animal Behaviour
  • BIOL 4310 - Molecular Ecology
  • BIOL 4401 - Population and Conservation Genetics
  • BIOL 4xxx - Field Biology
  • Two Biology Approved Options