Curriculum & Courses

Bachelor of Science - General Science


For full course descriptions, use the online Academic Calendar.

The Bachelor of Science in General Science provides a comprehensive undergraduate education in science, exposing students to a wide range of disciplines. Students are free to explore what interests them most, as well as gain greater depth of understanding by declaring concentrations in two of Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Geography, Mathematics, and Physics. A strong foundation in mathematical and computational sciences is core to the program of study, ensuring students are equipped to meet these in-demand skills. In the final year of study, students complete two capstone courses (a senior seminar and an interdisciplinary project) that provide understanding and exposure to how science and technology intersect and influence society. These capstone experiences are excellent preparation for further post-secondary studies, for professional programs, or for direct entry into the workforce. Graduates of this program will have acquired both breadth and depth of knowledge across scientific disciplines and will have developed the skills of critical thinking, creative problemsolving, effective communication, and collaborative teamwork. 


  1. Two six-course concentrations in two distinct disciplines, plus a four-course block in a third distinct discipline.
    • The four-course block must contain at least two courses at the 2000-level or higher.
    • Each six-course concentration contains at least two courses at the 2000-level or higher, and two courses at the 3000-level or higher. The concentrations are defined for each discipline (below).
    • A student will not be given credit for more than one concentration within a fundamental discipline (ie. Biology, Chemistry, Computing, Geography, Geology, Mathematics, Physics).
  2. Four Mathematics courses which may be taken as the four-course block or as part of a six-course concentration:
    • MATH 1200 - Calculus for Scientists I
    • MATH 1203 - Linear Algebra for Scientists and Engineers
    • MATH 2200 - Calculus for Scientists II
    • MATH 2234 - Concepts of Mathematical Statistics
  3. Two Computing courses:
    • COMP 2001 - Computer-Based Problem Solving for the Sciences
    • COMP 2008 - Scientific Computing I: Modeling and Simulation
  4. An additional six General Science Options, which may be chosen from either the General Science Concentrations or the list of Supplementary General Science Courses.
    • Within the six General Science Options, two courses must be at the 2000-level or higher, and two courses must be at the 3000-level or higher.
    • Any one General Science course cannot be used to satisfy more than one requirement within the major.
  5. Two General Science Capstone Courses:
    • SCIE 5010 - General Science Senior Student Seminar
    • SCIE 5020 - General Science Interdisciplinary Project
  6. General Education
    • General Education requirements in a program will normally consist of a minimum of 10 courses.
    • Four courses will be taken at the foundation level: one from each of the General Education Program's four thematic cluster areas.
    • Three courses will be taken at the second tier: no more than one from a given thematic cluster. BSc students will make their Tier 2 selections from clusters other than Numeracy and Scientific Literacy.
    • Three courses must be taken at the third tier, selected from at least two of the four thematic clusters.
  7. Four elective courses


General Science Concentrations

BIOL 1202 - Introduction to Cell Biology
BIOL 1204 - Evolution of Eukaryotes
BIOL 2101 - Genetics

One of:
BIOL 2202 - Cell and Molecular Biology
BIOL 2203 - Human Anatomy
BIOL 2213 - Principles of Ecology and Evolution

Two of:
BIOL 3107 - Evolution in Health and Disease
BIOL 3108 - Conservation Biology
BIOL 3203 - Genomes
BIOL 3204 - Histology
BIOL 3208 - The Molecular and Genomic Revolutions in Biology
BIOL 3216 - Human Physiology and Adaptation to Environmental Stress
BIOL 3301 - Animal Behaviour
CHEM 1201 - General Chemistry - Structure and Bonding
CHEM 1202 - General Chemistry - Introduction to Quantitative Chemistry
CHEM 2101 - Organic Chemistry I
CHEM 2102 - Organic Chemistry II
CHEM 3201 - Structure Determination

One of:
BCEM 3201 - Protein Biochemistry *
BCEM 3202 - Enzymes and Metabolic Systems *
BCEM 4212 - Biochemical Pharmacology *
CHEM 4103 - Advanced Organic Chemistry: Synthesis

* Requires students to take BCEM 2201 as a General Science Option.
GEOG 1101 - The Physical Environment

GEOG 1103 - The Human Environment or
GEOG 1105 - Introduction to Mapping, GIS and Remote Sensing

GEOG 2107 - Weather and Climate or
GEOG 2111 - Earth's Changing Surface

GEOG 2445 - Environmental Problems and Resource Management or
GEOG 2553 - Geographic Information Systems

GEOG 3107 - Conservation Biogeography

GEOG 3445 - Global Environmental Issues or
GEOG 3553 - Spatial Analysis and GIS
GEOL 1101 - The Dynamic Earth
GEOL 1103 - Earth Through Time
GEOL 2107 - Palaeontology
GEOL 2109 - Stratigraphy and Sedimentation
GEOL 3107 - Geomorphology
GEOL 4105 - Hydrogeology
MATH 1200 - Calculus for Scientists I
MATH 1203 - Linear Algebra for Scientists and Engineers
MATH 2200 - Calculus for Scientists II
MATH 2234 - Concepts of Mathematical Statistics
MATH 3101 - Numerical Analysis
MATH 3200 - Mathematical Methods
PHYS 1201 - Classical Physics I
PHYS 1202 - Classical Physics II
PHYS 2201 - Acoustics, Optics and Radiation
PHYS 2203 - Electromagnetism
PHYS 3601 - Thermodynamics
PHYS 3602 - Elementary Quantum Mechanics