Faculty & Staff


Cathy Carter-Snell

Position & Contact Information:
Nursing Education Scholar, Centre for Nursing Education, Scholarship & Teaching (CNEST)
Associate Professor, School of Nursing & Advanced Specialty Health Studies
Room Y431A - CNEST office

Degrees: RN, BScN, MN, PhD

Certifications: Emergency nursing Canada (ENCC), Sexual Assault Examiner Adults/Adolescents (SANE-A)

Phones:  403.440.6679 or toll-free 1.800.240.6891

E-mail: ccartersnell@mtroyal.ca

Areas of Academic Interest

  • Physical and psychological effects of interpersonal violence (sexual assault, intimate partner violence)
  • Prevention of violence
  • Injury assessment and documentation
  • Pathophysiology
  • Emergency nursing
  • Research methods & statistics


FORE 5501: Forensic History, Risk Populations and Issues
FORE 5505: Victims of Violence
FORE 5513: Sexual assault evaluation and intervention
FORE 2301: Violence across the lifespan


Cathy’s teaching is based on recognition of students as adult learners who bring prior experience into their learning. She has designed courses to allow them to link these experiences and prior knowledge with current pathophysiology, best practices and evidence. Her content and assignments are in a variety of formats to facilitate individualization of learning and accommodate various learning styles. Cathy has worked in trauma units (Emergency and ICU) as well as forensic areas since 1977 and remains active clinically. This experience is integrated into her teaching. Current teaching is focused on helping students recognize the links between determinants of health, risks of violence in multiple contexts, effects of violence on health, and the application of the social-ecological model of violence prevention. Her courses rely heavily on evidence informed practice and integration of pathophysiology and best practices. Cathy has extensive experience in online education methods and delivery, as well as onsite delivery. She also has expertise in curriculum development and planning, having developed, written and taught the certificate programs in both Emergency nursing and Forensic Studies. Her classes include both post-degree and undergraduate students.

Teaching Awards:

2007 Award for excellence in nursing education – College and Association of Nurses of Alberta (CARNA)

2000 Learning Technologies and Teaching Institute scholarship - Mount Royal College, June.

1998 PanCanadian Summer Institute Scholarship ($2250) for education in building internet courses

Scholarship & Research

Program of research:

Focused on prevention of violence or early effective intervention to limit the consequences of violence that has occurred. Founded the Forensic Research Network to link researchers in areas of interpersonal violence with community agencies.

For a full list of Cathy’s research grants and publications please visit the following link to the Office of Research Services.

Key areas of research include:

  • Injury risks, assessment and documentation with sexual assault
  • Dating violence prevention for undergraduate students (“Stepping up”)
  • Mental health effects of interpersonal violence
  • Rural sexual assault services including Aboriginal services

Research Methods:

  • Quantitative methods including Structural equation modeling (SEM), Systematic reviews & meta-analysis
  • Mixed methods
  • Focus groups
  • Participatory action research

Research Awards:

2009 - Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Honor Society – Research Dissertation Award “Understanding Women’s Risks for Injury from Sexual Assault”

1997 - National Emergency Nurse’s Affiliation (NENA)’s Award for Excellence in Emergency Nursing for Research

Recent Research Grants:

2013 Alberta Human Services. $43,000. Stepping Up Dating Violence Prevention Project, Phase II. (Role: co-investigator.
Principal investigator: Warthe, D.G., other co-investigators: Kostouros, P., Tutty, L.)

2012 Alberta Rural Development Network. $10,000. Rural Sexual Assault Multimedia Project
(Role: Principal investigator; Co-investigator Jakubec, S.). Completed May 2013.

Recent Peer- Reviewed Journal Publications:

Jakubec, S.L., Carter-Snell, C.J., Ofrim, J., Skanderup, J. (2013). “Identifying rural sexual assault service strengths, concerns and educational needs in rural and Aboriginal communities in Alberta Canada.” , Enfermeria Global, 31, 427-442.

Carter-Snell, C.J., & Jakubec, S. (2013) Exploring women’s risks and resilience to mental illness after interpersonal violence. International Journal of Child Youth and Family Studies, 4(1), 72-99.

Warthe, G., Kostouros, P., Carter-Snell, C., & Tutty, L. (2013) Stepping Up: Reducing the impact of dating violence on postsecondary students. International Journal of Child Youth and Family Studies, 4(1), 100-118.

Recent Presentations

a) Violence
Carter-Snell, C. (2013, May) . "Sexual Assault-Care of Patients in a Rural Setting". Presented to National Emergency Nurses' Affiliation. Presented at Annual National Emergency Nurses' Affiliation Conference, Vancouver, BC. Invited Speaker.

Carter-Snell, C. (2013, April) “Responding to discolosures of sexual assault”. Presented to staff from Sexual and Reproductive Health clinics, Sheldon Chumir Centre, Calgary.

Carter-Snell, C. (2012 Nov) Forensic nursing. Queen’s University School of Nursing. Kingston Ontario. Invited speaker.

Carter-Snell, C. & Jakubec, S. (2012 October 12) “Improving rural sexual assault services”. Presented to forensic nurses at International Scientific Assembly, Fajardo Puerto Rico. Invited speaker.

b) Mental Health
Carter-Snell, C. (2012). Posttraumatic stress disorder and crisis. Webinar presented to Circle M, pastors and crisis response workers.

Carter-Snell, C., Jakubec, S.L., Jackson, F. (2011). Risk and Resilience to Mental Illness after Intimate Forms of Violence. International Association of Forensic Nurses, Montreal PQ. October, 2011.

Carter-Snell, C. (2010, May) Reducing psychological effects of sexual assault. Alberta Crown Prosecutors’ training, Edmonton, May 6, 2010

Carter-Snell, C. (2010, Jun) Pyschological impact of sexual assault – Prince Edward Island, Child Abuse and Sexual Assault Network.

c) Injury & Evidence
Carter-Snell, C. (2011) Webinar: Forensic injuries. Presented for Forensic Nurses’ Society of Canada.

Carter-Snell, C. (2011) Webinar: BALD STEP Guide for Physical findings. Presented for Making a Difference Canada.

Carter-Snell, C. (2010, May). Understanding physical injuries from sexual assault. For Annual Alberta Crown Prosecutors' Conference (Edmonton AB). (Role: Presenter).

d) Emergency Nursing
Carter-Snell, C.J. (2011, October 19). Assessing Drug Ingestions and Toxidromes. For InternationalAssociation of Forensic Nurses Scientific Assembly (Montreal, Quebec). (Role: Presenter).

Carter-Snell, C. (2009) Forensic workshop. National Emergency Nurses’ Affiliation Conference. Calgary.

Carter-Snell, C. (2009) Flight physiology. National Emergency Nurses’ Affiliation Conference. Calgary

Carter-Snell, C. 12 and 15 lead ECG interpretation. (2005) National Emergency Nurses’ Affiliation. St John’s Newfoundland.


Peer reviewer: Journal of Forensic & Legal Medicine, Qualitative Nursing Research, Journal of Forensic Nursing. Past section editor (research) Outlook:Journal for National Emergency Nurses’ Affiliation.

Committee membership:
a) Internal: Lead researcher-Forensic Research Network, Joint Directors of Research group, Human Ethics Review Board, Leave Committee, Nursing Professional development committee, Nursing Scholarship committee

b) External: International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) scope and standards committee, past president/co-founder Forensic Nurses’ Society of Canada (FNSC), Calgary Domestic Violence Coalition, Making a Difference Canada,

Service Awards:
2013 Lifetime membership award for service. Conferred by the Forensic Nurses’ Society of Canada.

2008 Centennial Award, Canadian Nurses’ Association (1 of 100 in Canada) for her contributions to forensic nursing in Canada

2007 REACH award (individual) for excellence, Capital Health Authority, Edmonton

2007 Achievement award, International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN)

2004 REACH award (co-recipient) for excellence in teamwork, Capital Health Authority, Edmonton

Other Areas of Interest

  • Educational measurement and effectiveness
  • Nursing assessment
  • Scholarship
  • Nursing professionalism